Iraq Flag
    Iraq flag facts
    Adopted 31 July 1963
    (original version)
    22 January 2008
    (current version)
    Proportion 2:3
    Flag colors Flag Pictures

    Iraq flag

    Iraq flag
    Iraq flag

    The national flag of Iraq is a horizontal tricolour of red (top), white, and black with the Takbir (Arabic expression meaning "God is great") in green Kufic script centered in the white band
    Iraq flag colors symbolism
    Iraq flag colors meaning

    Red symbolizes the bloody struggle and the courage to overcome it
    White stands for the bright future for Iraq and the generosity of Iraqis
    Black represents the oppression against Islam and the triumph of Islam
    Green represents Islam, the majority religion of the country

    Iraq flag history

    Iraq flag 1921 - 1959
    Flag of Kingdom of Iraq(1921-1959)
    The first flag of modern Iraq was the flag of the Kingdom of Iraq and was adopted in 1921. It was a black-white-green horizontal flag, with a red trapezoid extending from the mast side. Two seven-point white stars on the trapezoid represented the two principal peoples of the kingdom: the Arabs and the Kurds.
    Iraq flag history

    Iraq flag
    Iraq Flag (1959-1963)
    Following the Revolution of 14 July 1958, led by Abdul Karim Qassim, which abolished the Hashemite monarchy in Iraq and turned the country into a republic, Iraq adopted a new flag that consisted of a black-white-green vertical tricolour, with a red eight-pointed star with a yellow circle at its centre. The black, white, green, and red are the pan-Arab colours, representing pan-Arabism, while the yellow sun represented the Kurdish minority. The red star of Ishtar represented Iraq's ancient heritage, as well as its minority Assyrian population.
    Iraq flag history

    Iraq flag
    Iraq Flag (1963-1991)
    After Qassim was overthrown by the Ba'ath Party in 1963, the new Ba'athist government adopted a modified version of the Arab Liberation flag as the new flag of Iraq on 31 July 1963. This horizontal tricolour of red, white, and black bands formed the basis of the flag of the United Arab Republic (UAR). While the UAR flag had two green stars in the white band, signifying its two members (Egypt and Syria), the new Iraqi flag had three stars, symbolising the aspiration that Iraq would join with Egypt and Syria in a new union. During the presidency of Saddam Hussein, the flag remained the same, but the three stars represented the three tenets of the Ba'ath Party motto: wahda, hurriyah, ishtirakiyah (unity, freedom and socialism)
    Iraq flag history

    Iraq flag
    Iraq Flag (1991-2004)
    On 13 January 1991, the flag was modified at the instigation of Saddam Hussein by adding the takbīr (the phrase 'Allahu akbar', meaning "God is great" in Arabic) in green between the stars. The takbīr was rendered in Saddam Hussein own handwriting instead of the traditional Kufic script.
    Iraq flag history

    Iraq flag
    Iraq Flag (2004-2008)
    In 2004, the U.S.-appointed Iraqi interim administration slightly altered the flag of Iraq by rendering the takbīr in traditional stylized Kufic script, as opposed to the handwriting of Saddam Hussein. On 22 January 2008, a new design for the flag was confirmed. In this current version, the three stars were removed.

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